2010年10月30日 星期六

L6 Handling Stress

1. Perhaps so, but it is quite true. (見第1行)
(1) 這裡的 so 是指前面所提的「生活中少不了壓力讓人感到驚訝」的這件事。避免重複,故以 so 來代。
(2) 這裡的 it 是指 You need stress in your life.

2. A major challenge in this stress-filled world of today is to make the stress in your life work for you instead of against you.(見第5行)
(1) stress-filled 複合形容詞,修飾後面的 world。
(2) make為使役動詞,因此後面受詞動作為主動時接原形動詞work。
make + 受詞 + 原V(受詞主動動作)
My cousin made me do his math homework for him yesterday because he's bad at math.
make + 受詞 + V-p.p.(受詞被動動作)
With my poor English, I found it hard to make myself understood in the U.S.
be made + to V(主詞被動動作)
When we were young, my brother and I were made to do the dishes every evening.
(3) instead of 當「而不是……」解。
例:He stayed home instead of going out and fooling around with his friends.
 = He didn't go out and fool around with his friends; he stayed home instead.

3. So personal, in fact, that what may be relaxing to one person may be stressful to another.(見第10行)
=In fact, it is so personal that what may be relaxing to one person may be stressful to another.

4. ..., physical stress from work or exercise is not likely to cause such ailments.(見第17行)
(1) S + be (not) likely to + V ....
= It + be (not) likely that ....
例:It's likely to rain this afternoon.
  = It's likely that it will rain this afternoon.

5. Hans Selye, M.D., a recognized expert in the field, has defined stress as a "non-specific response of the body to a demand.(見第20行)
(1) M. D = Doctor of Medicine
(2) define ... as ... 定義……為……
accept/describe ... as ... 接受/描述……為/是……
diagnose ... as ... 診斷……為/是……
know/recognize/think of ... as ... 認為……是……
label/refer to ... as ... 稱……是……
treat ... as ... 把……當作……對/看待
use ... as ... 把……當作……使用
view ... as ... 把……視為……
(3) non-specific 非特定的 non-有not的意思
  non-smoking 禁煙的
  non-standard 不標準的;不合規格的
  non-stop adj.直達的;中途不停的 adv. 直達地;中途不停地
non-smoker n.不抽煙的人
(4) response to ... 對……的回應/回答;反應
例:I still haven't received any response to my inquiry.

6. Recognizing the early signs of distress and then doing something about them can make an important difference in the quality of your life, ....(見第25行)
(1) "Recognizing ... them" 動名詞當主詞用。
(2) do something about ... 想辦法(做)……
例:Would you please do something about it?
(3) quality of life 生活品質
standard of living 生活水準
例:A high standard of living doesn't always mean a high quality of life.

7. When stress does occur, it is important to recognize and deal with it.(見第28行)
(1) does當「真的;確實;的確」,亦可用 really 代替,但若用 really,要注意時式的變化。
例:He did come yesterday.
  = He really came yesterday.
(2) deal with處理,同義字詞:handle、cope with。
例:Just tell me how you are going to deal with the matter.

8. As you begin to understand more about how stress affects you as an individual, you will come up with your own ideas of helping to ease the tensions.(見第29行)
(1)第一個 as 是連接詞,作「當……」,第二個 as 則為介系詞,當「作為……」
例:He came in as I was talking to her.
  As a student, I feel that I should spend more time on my studies.
(2) how ... an individual 是一名詞子句(間接問句),當 about 的受詞
(3) come up with 提出……;想出……

9. Physical exercise will relieve that "uptight"feeling, relax you, and turn the frowns into smiles.(見第37行)
(1) turn (sb./sth.) into ... 把(某人/某物)變成……
例:In a flash, the monster turned into a handsome man.
(2) turn the frowns into smiles 眉開眼笑
例:After hearing so many jokes, finally our frowns were turned into smiles.

10. Learn to accept what is---for now--until such time when you can change it.(見第51行)
(1) when you can change it 此為關係副詞 when 所引導的子句修飾前面的 such time。

11. If you are irritable and tense from lack of sleep or if you are not eating correctly, you will have less ability to deal with stressful situations.(見第54行)
(1) from lack of 由於缺乏…… = for lack of, through lack of。
例:The club had to close down due to a lack of funds.
lack n. [U, sing.] 缺乏;不足;沒有v. [T, I] 缺乏
lacking adj. 缺乏的;不足的
due to/for/from lack of ... 缺少……
例:The class trip was cancelled due to lack of interest.
(2) have the/every ability to V 有能力做……
例:I believe he has the ability to take the responsibility.

12. If stress repeatedly keeps you from sleeping, you should ask your doctor for help.(見第56行)
(1) keep ... from V-ing 使無法……
例:The heavy rain kept us from having a picnic in the park.
(2) ask ... for help 求助於……
例:Since I am new in this city, I will have to ask the police for help.

13. Schedule time for both work and recreation. (見第58行)
(1)schedule v.將……列入時間表,常用在被動句型 n. 進度表;日程表;行程表
sth. be scheduled for + 時間
例:The meeting is scheduled for next Tuesday.
sb./sth. be scheduled to V
例:I'm scheduled to arrive in Taipei at three o'clock tomorrow morning.
behind schedule 進度落後
ahead of schedule 進度超前
on schedule 按進度;準時
例:Don't worry. Everything is on schedule.

14. ...; you need a break from your daily routine to just relax and have fun.(見第59行)
(1) daily routine 每日的例行公事、工作

15. One way to keep from getting bored, sad, and lonely is to go where it's all happening.(見第61行)
(1)keep from V-ing/N 避開……;克制……
例:I just couldn't keep from laughing when she told me what had happened on her way home.

16. Instead of feeling sorry for yourself, get involved and become a participant.(見第63行)
(1) feel sorry for oneself 自哀自怨
例:John often feels sorry for himself, and that's why he is not happy.
(2) get involved 參與;介入
get involved with + 人
get involved in + 事件
例:Try to get involved with the people around you once in a while.
  I never thought that you'd have gotten involved in such an event.

17. You will be on your way to making new friends and enjoying new activities.(見第67行)
(1) be on one's/the way to + V-ing 在進行中;接近
例:The couple are on their way to solving their marital problems.
be on the/its way (某事)即將來臨,即將發生
例:The government fears a recession is on the way.
on one's/the way home/to +地方 在……的路上
例:On the way home I bumped into my ex-girlfriend.
  I ran out of gas on my way to work this morning.

18. Do other people upset you---particularly when they don't do things your way?(見第75行)
(1) do ... one's way 以某人的方式做……
例:Sometimes we just can't do things our way. We have to respect the needs of other people.

19. Unfortunately, many people try to relax at the same pace that they lead the rest of their lives. (見第100行)
(1) at the same pace以同樣的步調,pace 的搭配介係詞是 at。
pace of life 生活步調
at one's own pace 以自己最(適合)的速度、步調……
keep pace with 與……步調一致;不落後於……
例:The pace of life in the big cities is so fast that many people feel stressed out.
  People can do well at their own pace.
  He works very hard to keep pace with others.
(2) lead ... life 過……生活
例:Since his retirement, Mr. Blair has been leading a quiet life.

20. ..., tune out your worries about time, productivity, and "doing right."You will find satisfaction in just being, without striving. (見第101行)
(1) tune out 忽視
例:Learn to tune out surrounding noise and distractions.
(2) being = existence 存在

21. If the stress in your life seems insurmountable, you may find it beneficial to see a mental health counselor.(見第106行) 虛O.
(1) S + find it + adj. (for + N) to + V .... 意為「發現做……是……」。
例:I find it wonderful to have someone to talk to.
(2) be beneficial to 有益的;有利的
例:Regular habits are beneficial to our health.

I. Words for production
1. at the first/earliest opportunity 儘早 (= as soon as possible)
a golden opportunity 絕佳的機會
Opportunity makes the thief. 勿使人有機可趁(例如財不露白)。
例:My brother said he would teach the rude waiter a lesson at the first opportunity.
  Simon is hoping to leave the meeting at the earliest opportunity.

2. mental age 心智年齡
mental hospital 精神病院
mental illness/disease/disorder 精神疾病
mental state 精神狀態
例:Anyone who is mentally ill should consult a specialist.
  Tom's a thirty-year-old man, but his mental age is only ten.

4. major n. [C] 主修課程;主修……的人 (~ major);(美國陸空軍等)少校;v. [I] 主修
Major League Baseball (美國)職棒大聯盟 (= MLB)
major general (美國陸空軍等)少將 (= Maj. Gen.)
例:There's a major problem with parking in Taipei.
  Alex's major in college was chemical engineering.
  Tina is an English major.
  Major Winters fought bravely in World War II and earned many medals.
  My sister's majoring in computer programming.
  In this town, Buddhists are the majority.

5. personal digital assistant 個人數位助理 (= PDA)
personal organizer 私人記事本;電子記事本
personal pronoun 人稱代名詞
例:A personal organizer can be a small book or a small computer in which you can record information.
  "I," "you," and "they" are all personal pronouns.

6. executive n. [C] 主管人員;adj. 執行的,行政(上)的
execute v. [T] 執行;處死
execution n. [U] 執行;[U, C] 處死,死刑
chief executive officer 總裁,執行長 (= CEO)
the Executive Yuan (中華民國的)行政院
例:They drew up and executed a plan to reduce automobile emissions.
  The plan was really good, but its execution was poor.

8. produce n. [集合稱] 農產品(尤指新鮮蔬果)
increase/improve/raise/boost productivity 提高生產力
be in production 生產中
mass production 量產
production line 生產線,作業線 (= assembly line)
例:Intense competition drives companies to improve their productivity.
Mom always buys fresh produce at the local market.

9. be upset with sb. 生某人的氣
have/get an upset stomach 腸胃不適
例:I'm really upset with Sophia. She stood me up last night.

10. expertly adv. 熟練地;專業地
expertness n. [U] 熟練;專門
expertise n. [U] 專門技術或知識
an expert on/in/at (doing) sth. ……的專家
expertise in (doing) sth. ……的專門技術或知識
例:The play was so expertly performed that I couldn't believe the actors were all college students.
Her business expertise helped her to get the job.
Leonardo da Vinci was an expert in many fields.
He has expertise in running department stores.

12. demanding adj. 要求嚴格的;苛求的;費力的
supply and demand 供給與需求
in demand 有需要的;銷路好的
例:Mrs. Smith is a very demanding teacher.
  Electricity is in greater demand during the summer months.

13. prolong v. [T] 延長;拉長
例:Since we are having such a good time here, we decide to prolong our stay by another week.

14. tensely adv. 緊張地;僵硬地
tense n. [C, U] (文法的)時態
be/get tensed up 變得緊張、不安
例:The boy stood tensely on stage, forgetting all his lines.
  Using the correct verb tense in English is a problem for many students in Taiwan.
  Don't get so tensed up. Take a deep breath and relax.

17. limited adj. 受限的;有限的;缺乏(能力/獨立性/創造性)的
limiting adj. 限制的;妨礙進步的
upper/lower limit 上/下限
within limits 在限度內;適度地
know/learn one's limits了解自己權力的極限
例:My ability to write English is very limited.
  It can be very limiting for a vegetarian to go to an ordinary restaurant.
  I can help you within limits.
  You can't simply spend money without limit.
  We all must learn our limits.

18. irritate v. 使惱怒,使煩躁
irritating adj. 惱人的,令人煩躁的
irritated adj. 感到惱怒的,覺得煩躁的
irritation n. [U] 惱怒,煩躁
例:It really irritates me when my neighbor practices the violin late at night.
  Mosquitoes on a hot summer night can be very irritating.
  He was getting irritated by the little boy's endless questions.
  Paul tried to hide his irritation when his girlfriend was an hour late for their

20. routine adj. 例行的
routinely adv. 例行地
routine check/job/operation 例行檢查/工作/手術
例:There's no problem with your baggage. This is just a routine check.
Airline passengers are routinely checked at customs.

21. participation n. [U] 參加
participate in 參加……
例:All the villagers participated enthusiastically in the traditional religious
Dick's participation in the demonstration worried his wife.

22. cooperative adj. 合作的
in cooperation with 與……合作
例:Tom is a polite and cooperative student.
  The high-tech company worked in close cooperation with the military to develop
new weapons.

23. strain v. [T, I] 使緊張;拉傷,扭傷;努力,竭盡全力
strained adj. 緊張的,擔心的
例:I strained my back the other day when I was moving a heavy chair.
24. acute/deep/great/intense anxiety 非常憂慮
be anxious about sth. 擔心某事
be anxious for sb./ sth. 擔心某人;渴望某物
be anxious to do sth. 渴望做某事
例:The people of the city are anxious about water pollution.
We are so anxious for you. If you need any help, just ask.
The actor is anxious to improve his image.
He was very anxious for me to stay, but I had to go home.

26. turmoil n. [U] 混亂,動蕩不安
economic /political/ turmoil 經濟動蕩/政治動亂/
in (a) turmoil 陷入混亂
例:With two major parties fighting against each other, the whole country is in a state of political turmoil.
Hubert stared at his girlfriend, his thoughts in turmoil.

27. tranquil adj. 平靜的;安寧的;平穩的
tranquilize v. [T] 使平靜;使安寧
tranquilizer n. [C] 鎮靜劑,安定劑
例:I really enjoy the tranquil life of the country, and that's why I always go there
when I have a holiday.
  The doctor had to use some medicine to tranquilize the hysterical patient.
  The poor woman has been taking tranquilizers since her only child died.

28. prescription drugs/medication(s) 處方藥
prescription for sth. ……(藥物)的處方
prescribe sb. sth. 開某藥給某人
prescribe ... for ... 開……(藥物)以治療……(疾病)
例:He went to see a doctor to get a prescription for sleeping pills.
The doctor prescribed some drugs for her stomach pains.

29. on temporary display 臨時展出
temporary work/worker 臨時工作/工人
temporary arrangement/measure/solution 臨時安排/措施/解決辦法
例:My father is a temporary worker who goes from one office to another.

30. strategic adj. 戰略的
strategy for doing sth. ……的計劃
strategy to do sth. ……的計劃
例:That city is of great strategic importance, so our army must take it.
The government set up a strategy for cracking down on kidnapping.
We need to come up with a better strategy to attract people to our concert.

7. take/have priority over ... 優先於……,比……重要
例:This task is very important, so it should have priority over your other work.

9. first of all 首先,第一
例:There are several things we have to do. First of all, we need to decide who is in charge here.
at first 最初
例:I didn't like her at first, but as I got to know her better, I fell in love with her.
from the (very) first 從最初一開始
例:Monica has been lying to me from the very first; she wasn't actually single when we met.

11. tune in 收聽廣播節目,收看電視節目
例:Thank you for watching the show. Please tune in at the same time tomorrow.
tune in to 轉到……頻道,收看、收聽……節目
例:If you ever tune in to that illegal channel again, I will remove the TV set from your room.
stay tuned 停留同一個頻道,別轉台
例:Stay tuned. We'll be right back after the commercial break.