2010年10月30日 星期六

L6 Handling Stress

課文重點分析
1. Perhaps so, but it is quite true. (見第1行)
(1) 這裡的 so 是指前面所提的「生活中少不了壓力讓人感到驚訝」的這件事。避免重複,故以 so 來代。
(2) 這裡的 it 是指 You need stress in your life.

2. A major challenge in this stress-filled world of today is to make the stress in your life work for you instead of against you.(見第5行)
(1) stress-filled 複合形容詞,修飾後面的 world。
(2) make為使役動詞,因此後面受詞動作為主動時接原形動詞work。
文法/句型
make + 受詞 + 原V(受詞主動動作)
My cousin made me do his math homework for him yesterday because he's bad at math.
make + 受詞 + V-p.p.(受詞被動動作)
With my poor English, I found it hard to make myself understood in the U.S.
be made + to V(主詞被動動作)
When we were young, my brother and I were made to do the dishes every evening.
(3) instead of 當「而不是……」解。
例:He stayed home instead of going out and fooling around with his friends.
 = He didn't go out and fool around with his friends; he stayed home instead.

3. So personal, in fact, that what may be relaxing to one person may be stressful to another.(見第10行)
=In fact, it is so personal that what may be relaxing to one person may be stressful to another.

4. ..., physical stress from work or exercise is not likely to cause such ailments.(見第17行)
(1) S + be (not) likely to + V ....
= It + be (not) likely that ....
看起來(不)會……;可能(不)會……;似乎(不)……的
例:It's likely to rain this afternoon.
  = It's likely that it will rain this afternoon.

5. Hans Selye, M.D., a recognized expert in the field, has defined stress as a "non-specific response of the body to a demand.(見第20行)
(1) M. D = Doctor of Medicine
(2) define ... as ... 定義……為……
文法/句型
accept/describe ... as ... 接受/描述……為/是……
diagnose ... as ... 診斷……為/是……
know/recognize/think of ... as ... 認為……是……
label/refer to ... as ... 稱……是……
treat ... as ... 把……當作……對/看待
use ... as ... 把……當作……使用
view ... as ... 把……視為……
(3) non-specific 非特定的 non-有not的意思
例:non-alcoholic(指飲料)無酒精成份的
  non-restrictive(指關係子句)非限定的
  non-smoking 禁煙的
  non-standard 不標準的;不合規格的
  non-stop adj.直達的;中途不停的 adv. 直達地;中途不停地
non-smoker n.不抽煙的人
(4) response to ... 對……的回應/回答;反應
例:I still haven't received any response to my inquiry.

6. Recognizing the early signs of distress and then doing something about them can make an important difference in the quality of your life, ....(見第25行)
(1) "Recognizing ... them" 動名詞當主詞用。
(2) do something about ... 想辦法(做)……
例:Would you please do something about it?
(3) quality of life 生活品質
standard of living 生活水準
例:A high standard of living doesn't always mean a high quality of life.

7. When stress does occur, it is important to recognize and deal with it.(見第28行)
(1) does當「真的;確實;的確」,亦可用 really 代替,但若用 really,要注意時式的變化。
例:He did come yesterday.
  = He really came yesterday.
(2) deal with處理,同義字詞:handle、cope with。
例:Just tell me how you are going to deal with the matter.

8. As you begin to understand more about how stress affects you as an individual, you will come up with your own ideas of helping to ease the tensions.(見第29行)
(1)第一個 as 是連接詞,作「當……」,第二個 as 則為介系詞,當「作為……」
例:He came in as I was talking to her.
  As a student, I feel that I should spend more time on my studies.
(2) how ... an individual 是一名詞子句(間接問句),當 about 的受詞
(3) come up with 提出……;想出……

9. Physical exercise will relieve that "uptight"feeling, relax you, and turn the frowns into smiles.(見第37行)
(1) turn (sb./sth.) into ... 把(某人/某物)變成……
例:In a flash, the monster turned into a handsome man.
(2) turn the frowns into smiles 眉開眼笑
例:After hearing so many jokes, finally our frowns were turned into smiles.

10. Learn to accept what is---for now--until such time when you can change it.(見第51行)
(1) when you can change it 此為關係副詞 when 所引導的子句修飾前面的 such time。

11. If you are irritable and tense from lack of sleep or if you are not eating correctly, you will have less ability to deal with stressful situations.(見第54行)
(1) from lack of 由於缺乏…… = for lack of, through lack of。
例:The club had to close down due to a lack of funds.
lack n. [U, sing.] 缺乏;不足;沒有v. [T, I] 缺乏
lacking adj. 缺乏的;不足的
due to/for/from lack of ... 缺少……
例:The class trip was cancelled due to lack of interest.
(2) have the/every ability to V 有能力做……
例:I believe he has the ability to take the responsibility.

12. If stress repeatedly keeps you from sleeping, you should ask your doctor for help.(見第56行)
(1) keep ... from V-ing 使無法……
例:The heavy rain kept us from having a picnic in the park.
(2) ask ... for help 求助於……
例:Since I am new in this city, I will have to ask the police for help.

13. Schedule time for both work and recreation. (見第58行)
(1)schedule v.將……列入時間表,常用在被動句型 n. 進度表;日程表;行程表
sth. be scheduled for + 時間
例:The meeting is scheduled for next Tuesday.
sb./sth. be scheduled to V
例:I'm scheduled to arrive in Taipei at three o'clock tomorrow morning.
behind schedule 進度落後
ahead of schedule 進度超前
on schedule 按進度;準時
例:Don't worry. Everything is on schedule.

14. ...; you need a break from your daily routine to just relax and have fun.(見第59行)
(1) daily routine 每日的例行公事、工作

15. One way to keep from getting bored, sad, and lonely is to go where it's all happening.(見第61行)
(1)keep from V-ing/N 避開……;克制……
例:I just couldn't keep from laughing when she told me what had happened on her way home.

16. Instead of feeling sorry for yourself, get involved and become a participant.(見第63行)
(1) feel sorry for oneself 自哀自怨
例:John often feels sorry for himself, and that's why he is not happy.
(2) get involved 參與;介入
get involved with + 人
get involved in + 事件
例:Try to get involved with the people around you once in a while.
  I never thought that you'd have gotten involved in such an event.

17. You will be on your way to making new friends and enjoying new activities.(見第67行)
(1) be on one's/the way to + V-ing 在進行中;接近
例:The couple are on their way to solving their marital problems.
be on the/its way (某事)即將來臨,即將發生
例:The government fears a recession is on the way.
on one's/the way home/to +地方 在……的路上
例:On the way home I bumped into my ex-girlfriend.
  I ran out of gas on my way to work this morning.

18. Do other people upset you---particularly when they don't do things your way?(見第75行)
(1) do ... one's way 以某人的方式做……
例:Sometimes we just can't do things our way. We have to respect the needs of other people.

19. Unfortunately, many people try to relax at the same pace that they lead the rest of their lives. (見第100行)
(1) at the same pace以同樣的步調,pace 的搭配介係詞是 at。
pace of life 生活步調
at one's own pace 以自己最(適合)的速度、步調……
keep pace with 與……步調一致;不落後於……
例:The pace of life in the big cities is so fast that many people feel stressed out.
  People can do well at their own pace.
  He works very hard to keep pace with others.
(2) lead ... life 過……生活
例:Since his retirement, Mr. Blair has been leading a quiet life.

20. ..., tune out your worries about time, productivity, and "doing right."You will find satisfaction in just being, without striving. (見第101行)
(1) tune out 忽視
例:Learn to tune out surrounding noise and distractions.
(2) being = existence 存在

21. If the stress in your life seems insurmountable, you may find it beneficial to see a mental health counselor.(見第106行) 虛O.
真O.
(1) S + find it + adj. (for + N) to + V .... 意為「發現做……是……」。
例:I find it wonderful to have someone to talk to.
(2) be beneficial to 有益的;有利的
例:Regular habits are beneficial to our health.

VOCABULARY
I. Words for production
1. at the first/earliest opportunity 儘早 (= as soon as possible)
a golden opportunity 絕佳的機會
Opportunity makes the thief. 勿使人有機可趁(例如財不露白)。
例:My brother said he would teach the rude waiter a lesson at the first opportunity.
  Simon is hoping to leave the meeting at the earliest opportunity.

2. mental age 心智年齡
mental hospital 精神病院
mental illness/disease/disorder 精神疾病
mental state 精神狀態
例:Anyone who is mentally ill should consult a specialist.
  Tom's a thirty-year-old man, but his mental age is only ten.

4. major n. [C] 主修課程;主修……的人 (~ major);(美國陸空軍等)少校;v. [I] 主修
Major League Baseball (美國)職棒大聯盟 (= MLB)
major general (美國陸空軍等)少將 (= Maj. Gen.)
例:There's a major problem with parking in Taipei.
  Alex's major in college was chemical engineering.
  Tina is an English major.
  Major Winters fought bravely in World War II and earned many medals.
  My sister's majoring in computer programming.
  In this town, Buddhists are the majority.

5. personal digital assistant 個人數位助理 (= PDA)
personal organizer 私人記事本;電子記事本
personal pronoun 人稱代名詞
例:A personal organizer can be a small book or a small computer in which you can record information.
  "I," "you," and "they" are all personal pronouns.

6. executive n. [C] 主管人員;adj. 執行的,行政(上)的
execute v. [T] 執行;處死
execution n. [U] 執行;[U, C] 處死,死刑
chief executive officer 總裁,執行長 (= CEO)
the Executive Yuan (中華民國的)行政院
例:They drew up and executed a plan to reduce automobile emissions.
  The plan was really good, but its execution was poor.

8. produce n. [集合稱] 農產品(尤指新鮮蔬果)
increase/improve/raise/boost productivity 提高生產力
be in production 生產中
mass production 量產
production line 生產線,作業線 (= assembly line)
例:Intense competition drives companies to improve their productivity.
Mom always buys fresh produce at the local market.

9. be upset with sb. 生某人的氣
have/get an upset stomach 腸胃不適
例:I'm really upset with Sophia. She stood me up last night.

10. expertly adv. 熟練地;專業地
expertness n. [U] 熟練;專門
expertise n. [U] 專門技術或知識
an expert on/in/at (doing) sth. ……的專家
expertise in (doing) sth. ……的專門技術或知識
例:The play was so expertly performed that I couldn't believe the actors were all college students.
Her business expertise helped her to get the job.
Leonardo da Vinci was an expert in many fields.
He has expertise in running department stores.

12. demanding adj. 要求嚴格的;苛求的;費力的
supply and demand 供給與需求
in demand 有需要的;銷路好的
例:Mrs. Smith is a very demanding teacher.
  Electricity is in greater demand during the summer months.

13. prolong v. [T] 延長;拉長
例:Since we are having such a good time here, we decide to prolong our stay by another week.

14. tensely adv. 緊張地;僵硬地
tense n. [C, U] (文法的)時態
be/get tensed up 變得緊張、不安
例:The boy stood tensely on stage, forgetting all his lines.
  Using the correct verb tense in English is a problem for many students in Taiwan.
  Don't get so tensed up. Take a deep breath and relax.

17. limited adj. 受限的;有限的;缺乏(能力/獨立性/創造性)的
limiting adj. 限制的;妨礙進步的
upper/lower limit 上/下限
within limits 在限度內;適度地
know/learn one's limits了解自己權力的極限
例:My ability to write English is very limited.
  It can be very limiting for a vegetarian to go to an ordinary restaurant.
  I can help you within limits.
  You can't simply spend money without limit.
  We all must learn our limits.

18. irritate v. 使惱怒,使煩躁
irritating adj. 惱人的,令人煩躁的
irritated adj. 感到惱怒的,覺得煩躁的
irritation n. [U] 惱怒,煩躁
例:It really irritates me when my neighbor practices the violin late at night.
  Mosquitoes on a hot summer night can be very irritating.
  He was getting irritated by the little boy's endless questions.
  Paul tried to hide his irritation when his girlfriend was an hour late for their
date.

20. routine adj. 例行的
routinely adv. 例行地
routine check/job/operation 例行檢查/工作/手術
例:There's no problem with your baggage. This is just a routine check.
Airline passengers are routinely checked at customs.

21. participation n. [U] 參加
participate in 參加……
例:All the villagers participated enthusiastically in the traditional religious
ceremony.
Dick's participation in the demonstration worried his wife.

22. cooperative adj. 合作的
in cooperation with 與……合作
例:Tom is a polite and cooperative student.
  The high-tech company worked in close cooperation with the military to develop
new weapons.

23. strain v. [T, I] 使緊張;拉傷,扭傷;努力,竭盡全力
strained adj. 緊張的,擔心的
例:I strained my back the other day when I was moving a heavy chair.
  
24. acute/deep/great/intense anxiety 非常憂慮
be anxious about sth. 擔心某事
be anxious for sb./ sth. 擔心某人;渴望某物
be anxious to do sth. 渴望做某事
例:The people of the city are anxious about water pollution.
We are so anxious for you. If you need any help, just ask.
The actor is anxious to improve his image.
He was very anxious for me to stay, but I had to go home.

26. turmoil n. [U] 混亂,動蕩不安
economic /political/ turmoil 經濟動蕩/政治動亂/
in (a) turmoil 陷入混亂
例:With two major parties fighting against each other, the whole country is in a state of political turmoil.
Hubert stared at his girlfriend, his thoughts in turmoil.

27. tranquil adj. 平靜的;安寧的;平穩的
tranquilize v. [T] 使平靜;使安寧
tranquilizer n. [C] 鎮靜劑,安定劑
例:I really enjoy the tranquil life of the country, and that's why I always go there
when I have a holiday.
  The doctor had to use some medicine to tranquilize the hysterical patient.
  The poor woman has been taking tranquilizers since her only child died.

28. prescription drugs/medication(s) 處方藥
prescription for sth. ……(藥物)的處方
prescribe sb. sth. 開某藥給某人
prescribe ... for ... 開……(藥物)以治療……(疾病)
例:He went to see a doctor to get a prescription for sleeping pills.
The doctor prescribed some drugs for her stomach pains.

29. on temporary display 臨時展出
temporary work/worker 臨時工作/工人
temporary arrangement/measure/solution 臨時安排/措施/解決辦法
例:My father is a temporary worker who goes from one office to another.

30. strategic adj. 戰略的
strategy for doing sth. ……的計劃
strategy to do sth. ……的計劃
例:That city is of great strategic importance, so our army must take it.
The government set up a strategy for cracking down on kidnapping.
We need to come up with a better strategy to attract people to our concert.

IDIOMS AND PHRASES
7. take/have priority over ... 優先於……,比……重要
例:This task is very important, so it should have priority over your other work.

9. first of all 首先,第一
例:There are several things we have to do. First of all, we need to decide who is in charge here.
at first 最初
例:I didn't like her at first, but as I got to know her better, I fell in love with her.
from the (very) first 從最初一開始
例:Monica has been lying to me from the very first; she wasn't actually single when we met.

11. tune in 收聽廣播節目,收看電視節目
例:Thank you for watching the show. Please tune in at the same time tomorrow.
tune in to 轉到……頻道,收看、收聽……節目
例:If you ever tune in to that illegal channel again, I will remove the TV set from your room.
stay tuned 停留同一個頻道,別轉台
例:Stay tuned. We'll be right back after the commercial break.

2010年10月29日 星期五

Clarification of the Questions in Lesson 5

圖片來源網站getpowers.com
1. When Paul was young, he did not know it was an information operator. He thought there was a genie that lived in the box, so he called it "Information Please."


2. Paul did not understand what the operator said when he hurt his finger in the childhood. He said he did not feel comforted. He felt better because he could talk to someone. That was why he did not cry until the operator talked to him.

3. The sentence Sally gave to Paul means when God closes a door, He will open a window for you. That means no matter how difficult he encounters, he still has a hope in life.

2010年10月28日 星期四

Love You

Dear Chris,

我們一起努力面對!我們為我們自己的未來努力, 你要為你自己的身體努力^^

奮鬥! 戰鬥! 堅持到底! 一定要有信心!

You have to believe yourself and say "I will be ok!"

以前的你,無時無刻拼命地付出心血,現在的你,只是需要休息而已!

"休息是為了走更長遠的路"

休息完了,再次迎面世界優,再繼續為自己的人生,紀錄每天生活的點點滴滴^^

Go! Go! Go!

2010年10月26日 星期二

中小學專題式網頁競賽

作品參考: http://210.243.21.2/~creation3/
This is what we will do next semester. Take a look!

臺北市第8屆中小學專題式網頁競賽實施計畫草案
一、辦理目的
(一)鼓勵中小學生以專題研究、團隊合作、實地訪查、調查訪問等方式,探索地方人文與環境,並運用網際網路作為表達溝通的工具。
(二)經由網際網路向全球展現臺北市資訊、環境、鄉土教育與地方采風的成果。
(三)結合教育單位、家庭、地方社區與民間企業共同推動資訊、環境、與鄉土教育。
(四)結合資訊、網路教育的內涵,培養未來新世代與全世界接軌的視野與能力,並藉由競賽的過程,深入關心鄉土環境教育,落實中小學校資訊、網路及本土教育教學。

五、競賽分組
(一)參賽組別
分為國小組、國中組、高中職組等三組。
(二)參賽作品類別
各組隊伍應從下列6大類別主題擇一參賽,書面報名參賽作品類別確定後,不得再行更改:
1.人物領袖:介紹名人或明星,如政治人物、作家、藝術家、演員、企業家,或具有特殊事蹟的人物等。
2.社團企業:介紹社團或特殊族群,如志工、樂團、教會、原住民、外籍配偶等,或是地方企業或組織,如政府機關、商店、大眾運輸、電臺等。
3.觀光資源:介紹當地觀光景點、歷史古蹟,例如旅遊勝地、廟宇古厝、夜市商圈等。
4.特產特色:介紹地方特產特色,如食物、手工藝品、農作物、台灣精品、年節祭典等。
5.體育藝文:介紹地方音樂、戲曲、舞蹈、美術、書畫等藝文活動,或民俗體育、運動或戶外休閒活動的發展現況等。
6.其他議題:介紹環境教育、生態保育或其他教育相關議題。
(三)注意事項:參賽主題需訂定與臺澎金馬本地有關的題材為限,以臺北市相關議題為優先。

六、作品規格
(一)參賽作品以網頁形式呈現,內容得包括網頁、圖片、動畫、影片等,但必須能以網頁瀏覽器讀取。
(二)作品內容至少應包括:
1.專題簡報網頁:包括研究計畫、內容摘要、隊員基本資料等。
2.專題作品網頁:研究主題、研究內容、過程及結果、研究日誌、心得感想等。
以上內容之呈現方式可自行發揮。
(三)作品中不得包含ASP、PHP或其他伺服器端執行程式,並注意不可有電腦病毒。
(四)作品必須燒錄於光碟繳交,且首頁名稱為index.htm;作品總容量不設限,請慎選檔案內容,與主題無關檔案請勿放置於作品光碟中,檔案內容安排將納入評分依據。檔案如未依規定命名而造成作品無法正常瀏覽,或檔案名稱無法辨識者,由各隊自行負責。
(五)作品所有內容均應放置於光碟繳交,不得用超連結方式將資料放置於其他網站。
(六)如違反上述作品規格,由評審視情節情重,酌予扣分。

七、競賽時程
(一)報名時間:
1.請於即日起至12月31日期間,逕至本競賽網站線上填表報名,將報名表(如附件一)列印並完成核章,免備文於12月31日前送達南港高工圖書資訊處(地址:11579臺北市南港區興中路29號,傳真機:27885154);未於規定時間完成報名之隊伍,其作品不予受理。
2.研究過程中,指導老師、隊員、作品名稱如有異動(不含參賽類別之異動),得於2011年2月25日以前,重新填寫報名表並完成核章後,送交南港高工圖書資訊處,逾期不予受理。
(二)作品繳交期限:
1.專人送件:請於2011年2月25日中午12時前,將作品光碟送達南港高工圖書資訊處。
2.郵寄交件:請於2011年2月25日前寄達南港高工圖書資訊處,日期以郵戳為憑。
為維持競賽公平性,逾期交件一律不予受理。
(三)成績公布:預定於2011年4月1日公告成績。

2010年10月24日 星期日

Question about L5

Chris, please help me.  I didn’t figure out the sentence. In line 54, why was it that birds should sing so beautifully and bring joy to whole families, only to end as a heap of feathers feet up, on the bottom of the cage?   Although I read the key poin you wrote, I still didn’t understand the meaning of the sentence. Thank you.

-->Why should birds that sing beautifully and make whole families happy have to die and end up lying with their feet up in the air, on the bottom of the cage?
為什麼能唱出那麼優美歌曲,且帶給全家人快樂的鳥,結果卻變成兩腳朝上的一團羽毛躺在鳥籠底部呢?
the sentence underlined refers to "it" (同位語)

2010年10月21日 星期四

Answers to the Midterm Exam (Project Learning)

1. What is Project Learning?
Project Learning is a course that offers you a chance to go beyond what you know and to think and incorporate ideas by others, and to submit your integrated papers. To get involved in this course, you will write a detailed study of a subject. Next, you will access the Internet, to check out books from the library, and perhaps to interview several people to discover information or reach a new understanding. Then, to present your integrated works, you will need to polish your writing ability and presentation skill. Lastly, your project will take place in groups. In other words, when you are evaluated, it is largely in relation to your contribution to the project work. Wait! Here is the most important thing: self-studying and asking questions are the major keys. If you don’t study and ask, you will never learn!


2. Why should high school students need to learn Project Learning?
It is a required course whose purpose is to develop students' ability of creation and integration. That is, it helps students to develop the problem-solving ability, to enhance independent learning and cooperative learning attitude, to encourage critical thinking about the world, to integrate what students have learned into works, to build up the skills and requirements of doing research at college or in the future career.  Meanwhile, while doing the research project, students can care about the society and even the world. 
Research Project can be made more enjoyable and productive through individual and cooperative effort. For you, research techniques are a product of experience rather than formal training because this course helps you experience methods of discovery, critical thinking, logical analyses, and problem-solving and even reach the demands of the community.
 
3. The criteria of the introduction of the research paper:
a. Motivation (Background)
b. Research questions (or hypotheses)
c. Methods
d. Purposes
e. Expected findings (hypotheses)

2010年10月17日 星期日

Lesson 5 Information Please (詢問台)

圖片來源: http://grumpyoldgits.org/contactus.aspx

課文重點分析
1. I remember well the polished oak case fastened to the wall on the lower stair landing.(見第4行)
(1) remember well 意為「記得很清楚」,亦可說成 remember clearly
remember vividly 記憶猶新
remember vaguely依稀記得
(2) fastened to the wall on the lower stair landing 此為一分詞片語修飾前面的 the polished oak case。此片語是由形容詞子句 which was fastened to the wall on the lower stair landing轉換而來的。

2. I was too little to reach the telephone, but used to listen with fascination when my mother talked to it.(見第9行)
(1) too ... to + V 意為「太……以致不能……」。
(2) reach 在此意為「伸手去拿……」。
例:We are not tall enough to reach the ball on the roof.
(3) used to 意為「過去……;過去習慣於……」。用法: used to + V ...
例:My father used to smoke. (意思是現在不抽煙了。)
(4) with fascination 意為「著迷地」。當副詞用,修飾動詞 listen,亦可以 fascinatingly取代,介系詞 + 名詞 = 副詞,同類其他用詞可參看本課的 Word Power。

3. Then I discovered that somewhere inside that wonderful device lived an amazing person....(見第13行)
(1) ...somewhere inside that wonderful device lived an amazing person.... 為一倒裝句,原句為 an amazing person lived somewhere inside that wonderful device。
(2) amazing adj. 令人驚訝的
amaze v. [T] 使驚訝
amazement n. [U] 驚訝
to one’s amazement 令……訝異
例:It is amazing to see so many people waiting in line to watch this movie.
  He amazed everyone by winning the speech contest.
  To everyone’s amazement, Peter dropped out of school.

4. Amusing myself at the tool-bench in the basement, I whacked my finger with a hammer.(見第19行)
(1)”Amusing myself at the tool-bench in the basement,....”為一分詞構句。此句是由副詞子句”When I was amusing myself at the tool-bench in the basement,....”轉化而來的。
(2) amuse oneself 意為「自娛、消遣、取樂」。
例:How do you usually amuse yourself during your free time?
  Small children like to amuse themselves playing hide-and-seek.

5. ..., but there didn’t seem to be much use crying because there was no one home to offer sympathy.(見第21行)
(1) there didn’t seem to be much use crying 此句意為「哭似乎沒多大用處」。

文法/句型
There is no use + V-ing ....,意為「做……沒用」。
= It is no use + V-ing ....
= It is useless + to V ....
there後方除了加上be動詞之外,還可以加上「seem/appear/happen/tend等連綴動詞 + to be」或「助動詞 + be」等。

文法/句型
there + seem/appear/happen/tend/... + to be
There seems to be a big problem here.
There happened to be a large hole in the road when I drove along Main Street yesterday.
There tend to be a lot of young punks hanging around on this street.

there + 助V + be
This street is too dark. There should be some streetlights here.
I think there may be a better person for the job.

6. I walked around the house sucking my throbbing finger, finally arriving at the stairway.(見第22行)
sucking my throbbing finger, finally arriving at the stairway為分詞構句。句中現在分詞sucking和arriving表主動的意思。反之,若分詞構句中使用過去分詞,則有被動的意思。

7. Climbing up, I unhooked the receiver and held it to my ear.(見第25行)
climbing up 為一分詞構句,是由副詞子句 after I climbed up轉化而來的。

8. A click or two, and a small, clear voice spoke into my ear.(見第30行)
此句亦可說成”After one or two clicking sounds, I heard a small, clear voice speaking to me.”。

9. The tears came readily enough, now that I had an audience.(見第34行)
Now that 既然;因為;而今
Now that you have come, you may as well stay for a few days.
既然來了, 你就不妨住幾天嘛。

10. “Are you bleeding?”(見第38行)
bleed v. [I] (bleed, bled, bled) 流血
bleeding n. [U] 出血;放血
例:My little brother cut his finger and bled badly.
  His nose is bleeding.

11. And there was the time that Petey, our pet canary, died.(見第50行)
(1) “there was the time that...”可說成”there was a time when...”,當「有一次」解。
(2) Petey, our pet canary, 此處的 our pet canary 和 Petey 是同位語,用以說明 Petey 和我們的關係,因此在 our pet canary 前後都要加逗點。

12. Why was it that birds should sing so beautifully and bring joy to whole families, only to end as a heap of feathers feet up, on the bottom of the cage?(見第53行)
(1) 整句話可寫成 Why should birds that sing beautifully and make whole families happy have to die and end up lying with their feet up in the air, on the bottom of the cage?
(2) only to + V 表「結果卻……」。
例:He came all the way to the house only to find that not a person was there.

13. She must have sensed my deep concern, for she said quietly,....(見第57行)
(1) must have sensed 當「一定感受到」解。

文法/句型
must 表猜測的用法:
「對過去的猜測」,用must + have + p.p.。
It must have rained hard last night, for the ground is still wet.
「對現在的猜測」,用 must + V。
The man standing outside must be your father, for you two really look alike.
(2) sense v. [T] 感覺到;察覺
sense n. [C, U] 感覺;感官
(3) for 在此為一對等連接詞,用以引導附帶的說明文句,以表達所述事情的理由。for 所引導的子句通常放在後面,且在 for 前要加逗點。
例:Surely it will rain soon, for the sky is covered with dark clouds.

14. “Paul, always remember that there are other worlds to sing in.”(見第58行)
這句話是為了要安慰小孩,讓他們覺得死亡並不是結束,而是到另一個世界去開始另一種的生活,以減輕他們的悲傷。

15. Another day I was at the telephone.(見第61行)
這裡的 be + at the telephone 就是「在打電話」的意思。

16. ..., and I was not at all sure that I hadn’t hurt her when I pulled the receiver out.(見第71行)
(1) not at all 當「一點也不」解。
用於疑問句、條件句,當「到底;既然;即使」解。
Is the washing machine working at all?
If you are going to say anything at all, say it now.
(2) sure 在此當「確定」解。

17. He opened the telephone box, exposing a maze of wires and coils, and fiddled for a while with the end of the receiver cord, tightening things with a small screwdriver.(見第79行)
(1) 這裏的exposing a maze of wires and coils 和 tightening things with a small screwdriver 均為分詞構句。
(2) tighten v. [T] 使變緊;繫緊
tight adj. 緊的
tighten one’s belt 束緊腰帶;束緊褲帶過活;過艱苦的日子

18. He hung up, smiled, gave me a pat on the head and walked out the door.(見第86行)
本句為A, B, C and D的句型,也就是主詞He做了四個動作,分別是掛電話hung up、微笑smiled、拍拍我的頭gave me a pat on the head和走出門walked out the door。
(1) hang up 意為「掛上電話」;hang on 意為「不要掛電話」,亦可用 hold on,此片語較常用。
(2) give me a pat on the head 意為「拍拍我的頭」。pat 在此為名詞,與搭配詞 give 連用。若 pat 為動詞,則可參看本課 Grammar Focus II。

19. All this took place in a small town in the Pacific Northwest.(見第88行)
All of these things happened in a small town in the northwestern United States.
(1) take place 發生,舉行 (= happen, occur)
例:The final exam in math will take place at ten o’clock next Tuesday.
(2) the Pacific Northwest是指「(美國)西北部太平洋沿岸地區」,通常包括華盛頓州、俄勒岡州、以及加州北部等太平洋沿岸地區。

20. ..., and I somehow never thought of trying the tall, skinny new phone that sat on a small table in the hall.(見第91行)
For some reason, I never considered trying to talk to the operator on our new phone. I guess it was because it didn’t look at all like our old phone. Instead, it was a tall, skinny phone that sat on a table.
sit v. [I, T] 位於 (= be located, be situated);坐;使就座
例:The hotel sits at the edge of a lake.
  Tom sat cross-legged on the floor.
  He picked up his son and sat him on a chair.

21. Yet, as I grew into my teens, the memories of those childhood conversations never really left me;....(見第94行)
teens 意思是「十幾歲」,通常是指 13 到 19 歲的少年、少女。
teenage adj. = teenaged 十幾歲的
teenager n. [C] 十幾歲的少年、少女

文法/句型
in one’s teens/twenties/thirties/...
在某人十/二十/三十幾歲的時期
in one’s early/late teens/twenties/thirties/...
在某人十/二十/三十幾歲的前/後期
Boys and girls are quite rebellious while in their teens.
He is in his late twenties. (指 26 到 29 歲)

22. ...in moments of doubt and perplexity, I would recall the serene sense of security I had when I knew that I could call Information Please and get the right answer. (見第95行)
...at times when I felt confused, I felt better when I thought of how kind the operator had been to me when I was young. I felt better when I remembered how secure I had felt knowing that I could always depend on her for help.
a sense of security 安全感
a sense of achievement 成就感
a sense of humor 幽默感
a sense of responsibility 責任感
a sense of uneasiness 不安感
a sense of direction 方向感

23. I appreciated now how very patient, understanding and kind she was to have wasted her time on a little boy.(見第98行)
(1) How + adj./adv. + S + V ....
例:How beautiful the scenery is!
  How gracefully she dances!
  How clever a man you are to have talked her into it!

What + a/an + adj. + N + S + V ....
What + adj. +複數N + S + V ....
例:What a tragic event it is!
  What brave soldiers they are!
  What a clever woman you are to have talked him into it!

(2) 完成式的不定詞to have + p.p. 的用法:
(a) 可代表「過去式」或「完成式」的意思,課文中出現的用法即是「過去式」之意。
例:You seem to have annoyed Tom yesterday. (=It seems that you annoyed Tom yesterday.)
  I’m glad to have quit the job. (= I’m glad that I have quit the job.)
(b) 配合助動詞(would、should、could、might、needn’t等)和一些動詞(mean、would like、be-V等),則有假設語氣的意思,表示與事實相反的情況。
例:You should have called me last night.
  I meant to have called you, but I forgot.

24. A few years later, on my way west to college, my plane stopped in Seattle.(見第100行)
on the way (to) ... 意為「往……路上」。亦可說成 on one’s way (to) ...。若有必要,可在 way 的後面加一個方向(east、west、south、north)字來表達所往的方向。

25. I had about half an hour between connections, and I spent 15 minutes or so on the phone with my sister, who lived there, now happily mellowed by marriage and motherhood. (見第101行)
I had about thirty minutes between connections. I called my sister on the phone and talked to her for about 15 minutes. My sister was now married and had become a mother. She was not so wild as she had been when we were children (when she used to like to scare me).
(1) connection n. [C] 轉車,轉機,接駁的交通工具
例:The flight is delayed, so we may miss the connection to Paris.
(2) or so 當「大約……;……左右」解,放在所修飾的字詞後面,和 about 同義,但 about 是放在所修飾的字詞前面。
例:It takes two hours or so to get there.
  = It takes about two hours to get there.

26.  “Could you tell me, please, how to spell the word ‘fix’?”(見第113行)
在美式英文中,雙引號(” “)常使用在直接敘述之中,或是用來強調字詞等。(英式英文使用單引號)
但若是在雙引號的句子中,又有要再使用雙引號的情況下,會用單引號來表示,就像本句課文一樣,雙引號在外面,單引號在裡面。
※ 在英式英文中,則是單引號在外、雙引號在內。

27. Then came the softly spoken answer.(見第115行)
After the pause, she answered me, speaking in a soft voice.
此為倒裝句,原句為 The softly spoken answer came then. 。
then 為副詞,挪到句首後將動詞置於主詞之前。請參看本課 Grammar Focus I。

28. “...I wonder if you have any idea how much you meant to me during all that time....”(見第118行)
(1) wonder 意為「想知道;對……感到好奇」。

文法/句型
wonder + that 子句
wonder + wh子句/wh片語/if、whether 子句
I wonder 放在句尾,表說話者的猶豫,當「要怎麼做;覺得納悶」解。
Since he didn’t finish his final report, I wonder what the teacher will say to him tomorrow.
I wonder why he refused to go out with her.
I’m just wondering how to celebrate his twentieth birthday.
I wonder if the typhoon will hit the island.
"How could that have happened?” I wondered.

(2) ... mean to somebody ,這裡的 mean 當「……對……有意義;……對……重要」解。
例:Music meant everything to Jason.
  You do mean a lot to me.

29. ..., and I used to look forward to your calls.(見第121行)
look forward to 當「盼望」解。此處的 to 是介系詞,所以後面要接名詞或動名詞。
例:I’m looking forward to your reply.
  Patrick is looking forward to meeting with his sweetheart this coming summer vacation.

30. Sally had only been working part-time in the last few years because she was ill. She died five weeks ago.(見第137行)
(1) 過去完成進行式(had + been + V-ing)是用以表達一個動作在過去某段時間一直進行著,而且沒有延續到現在。這裡是要說明Sally在過去這幾年因為生病而一直是以兼職的方式工作,但是她五週前去世了,所以該動作沒有持續到現在,因此用過去完成進行式來表達。試比較下面例句的差異。
例:My legs were very sore because I had been standing still for a long time.(過去完成進行式表示之前一直站了很久,但現在已經沒站著了。)
  Tom has been playing video games for twelve hours.(現在完成進行式表示從12小時前就一直打電玩到現在。)
(2) work part-time 就是「兼職」之意。part-time 在此是用作副詞。又part-time 亦可當形容詞用。
例:a part-time job (一份兼差的工作)

31. Well, Sally left a message for you.(見第142行)
message n. [C] 留言,信息
messenger n. [C] 信差,使者
instant messaging 即時通 (= IM)
message board 電子留言板 (= electronic bulletin board)
text message (行動電話的)文字簡訊

32. “What was it?” I asked, almost knowing in advance what it would be.(見第143行)
(1) almost knowing in advance what it would be 為分詞構句表附帶說明。原句為 and I almost knew in advance what it would be。
(2) in advance 意為「事前;預先」。
例:Before you go to class, it’s necessary for you to preview your lessons in advance.

33. I did know what Sally meant.(見第147行)
did 在此是一種強調的用法,意為「的確;真的;務必」。此句又可寫成 I really knew what Sally meant.。助動詞 do、does 及 did 出現在直述句時,是用以表示強調之意。
例:I do like English.
  Do tell me, if you make up your mind.

愛傳99~教育部99年度生命教育劇本徵文競賽

愛傳99~教育部99年度生命教育劇本徵文競賽 請同學踴躍參加
請有意參加的同學於10月27日(週三)前將作品及報名表交至輔導室

 http://club.asia.edu.tw/lifeedu/

教育部主辦父母心、祖孫情家庭教育全國戲劇表演競賽活動,由於10月31日主辦單位截止收
件, 請校內參加同學於10月27日(週三)將相關報名資料及作品繳交輔導室。
http://moe.senioredu.moe.gov.tw

2010年10月13日 星期三

Challenge in Life

Look at him. He has his faith and perseverance. And what do you have?

2010年10月9日 星期六

雷夫老師演講影片:最真情流露的《與莎拉訣別書》

Rafe Esquith mentioned, "Nothing can be replaced with students' reading in class." Reading is so important. Only reading literary works can bring students a rich life. I do not know whether you can understand it, but when you watch the video, probably you will get the answer.

男孩背誦的「與莎拉訣別書」,這封信是在美國南北戰爭時,即將上戰場,知道自己將會戰死的貝婁少校寫給妻子莎拉的信。

2010年10月6日 星期三

Students' Small Talk

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IWiLL本學期及寒假書單

編號 書名 級別 出版社 供應商

Beginner
1 Gone! Beginner Cambridge University Press(華泰文化) 華泰文化
2 The Turn of the Screw Beginner Penguin Readers 文鶴
3 Chemical Secret Beginner Oxford University Press 敦煌接洽中
4 Different Worlds Beginner Cambridge University Press(華泰文化) 華泰文化
Basic
5 Far From the Madding Crowd Basic Pearson 文鶴
6 In the Year of the Boar and Jackie Robinson Basic Harper Trophy 書林
7 The Merchant of Venice(with lots of illustrations) Basic Cosmos (寂天) 寂天
Intermediate
8 The Doll's House and Other Stories Intermediate Penguin Readers 文鶴
9 The Last of the Mohicans Intermediate Random House 書林
10 Outstanding Short Stories Intermediate Penguin Readers 東華
Advanced
11 All I Want Advanced Cambridge University Press(華泰文化) 華泰文化
12 A Single Shard Advanced Clarion Books 書林
13 The Testament Advanced Crane 文鶴